Imran Khan made serious allegations of corruption on Nawaz Sharif over the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. But when Imran Khan himself came to power, he became silent on the corruption of the corridor, because the economic interests of the Pakistan Army and Chinese companies are linked to it.
There is a storm in Pakistan’s politics these days. The country’s major opposition parties are on the streets. Eleven opposition parties have formed the Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM). During the Corona era, the government has been sleepless due to the strong opposition rallies.
The popularity of the Imran Khan government’s graph is going down as the number of people who have gathered in four rallies in Gujranwala, Karachi, Quetta and Peshawar so far. The army is also troubled by these rallies and has invited talks to the opposition parties. In such a situation, the important question is whether democracy in Pakistan will be able to get out of the clutches of the army? Will Pakistan’s democratic parties be able to get out of religious organizations and ethnic tribal influence?
The front of eleven opposition parties in Pakistan is on the streets to save democracy. Their objectives are quite big, but there is doubt about success. The parties involved in the front have their own history of anti-democracy. There is no change in their thinking. Many parties involved have so far resorted to military and fundamentalist organizations to cut each other.
Some leaders in the Democratic Movement left no stone unturned to eliminate the Awami National Party, which advocates secularism and democratic socialism, opposing terrorist organizations in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Opposition leaders are accusing him of collusion between Imran Khan and the army.
But the truth of the democratic politics of Pakistan is that the democracy here has been under house arrest with big vassals, fraternities and industrialists. Pakistani democracy could not rise above fraternity, religion, caste. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who gave the socialist slogan of bread, cloth and house also could not get out from the influence of industrialists and Jagirdars.
After the formation of Pakistan, the politics of Punjab and Sindh, the two largest provinces of the country, came under the control of some families and fraternities. Pakistan’s military continued to use the big vassals, strong fraternities and families of Punjab and Sindh in democratic politics. Nun, Tiwana, Vadach, Garadezi, Leghari, Daulatana fraternity continued to control the democratic politics here.
Pir and religious groups have also played their role in politics from the beginning. The strong fraternities of West Pakistan and the Punjabi-Pashtun dominated Pakistani army did not like Bengali Muslims because they were truly democratic. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto used to describe himself as socialist. But he too did not like the democracy of Bengalis. The feudalism and ethnic thinking of West Pakistan made Bangladesh.
Many important issues are being raised in the rallies of the Pakistan Democratic Movement. Imran Khan government and army are being attacked for unemployment, inflation and corruption. Opponents allege that the army is overburdened in the government, it is the army that has put Imran Khan in power. However, the people of Pakistan have been battling inflation, corruption and unemployment for a long time.
The Muslim League (N) and the Pakistan Peoples Party, the two parties involved in the Pakistan Democratic Movement, are the first in power. Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto became Prime Ministers of the country through democratic politics in the 1980s and 1990s. Even then, inflation and corruption were big issues in Pakistan. The leaders of Pakistan have never made sincere efforts to reduce poverty, hunger and inflation. Pakistani leaders remember inflation, corruption and unemployment when they are in the opposition. Flour and sugar prices make issue.
There is hardly any big Pakistani leader left from the stain of corruption. Benazir Bhutto’s husband and former President Asif Ali Zardari has been jailed in a corruption case. Former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is also caught on charges of corruption. Imran Khan got power for the first time. Actually, the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), the agency that investigates corruption cases in Pakistan, harasses opponents at the behest of the people in power.
Not only this, when the democratic parties of Pakistan are in opposition, they fiercely accuse the ruling party of corruption, but after coming to power, they keep silence in big cases of corruption in which the interests of the military or external strong forces are connected. Occur. Imran Khan made serious allegations of corruption on Nawaz Sharif over the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. But when Imran Khan himself came to power, he became silent on the corruption of the corridor, because the economic interests of the Pakistan Army and Chinese companies are linked to it.
The challenges before Pakistani democracy are also from certain families controlling the army and democratic parties. Dynastic leaders are characteristic of Pakistani democracy, which can run the government only in collusion with the army. Nawaz Sharif has also been close to the army. General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq’s special choice was Nawaz Sharif, who became the first finance minister and later chief minister of Punjab in the 1990s due to Zia’s kindness.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was once close to the army. He was a minister during the tenure of military dictator Ayub Khan. Imran Khan is the first generation politician in his family who himself formed a political party called Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI). But they are also the choice of the Pakistani Army and follow the same gesture. Imran could not rise above fraternity. The Pashtun fraternity is also coddled inside them. They are sympathetic to the Pashtuns-dominated organization of the Taliban.
Presently, the third generation of Bhutto family is doing politics in Pakistan. The Bhutto family, which controls the Pakistan Peoples Party, still has influence in Pakistan. The most influential political family of Sindh is that of Bhutto. On the other hand, the next generation of Nawaz Sharif family has entered the politics of Pakistan. The Sharif family dominates the politics of Punjab.
Nawaz Sharif himself became the Prime Minister of Pakistan, while making his brother Shahbaz Sharif the Chief Minister of Punjab. Now the tradition of Sharif family is extending Nawaz Sharif’s daughter Maryam Nawaz. The Sharif family wants to gain power in Punjab at any cost. The challenge to the Sharif family in Punjab’s politics has been to meet another strong family, the Chaudhary family. Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain and Parvez Elahi, belonging to the Chaudhary family, were once with Sharif. The Chaudhary family has also been close to the army, which has considerable influence among the Jats of Punjab.
The major problem of Pakistan’s democratic parties is the nexus with religious organizations. However, only after the formation of Pakistan, parties of Islamic ideology became active in Pakistan, including parties like Jamaat-e-Islami and Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam. But in the 1990s, other democratic parties began to cooperate with religious and fundamentalist organizations.
Parties like Jamaat-e-Islami openly practiced religion politics. Deobandi Muslim Party Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam advocates Deobandi ideology. Many other political parties, including Nawaz Sharif’s party, have also been under the influence of religious organizations and have taken their support to eliminate the anti-political parties. In such a situation, what will be the future of Pakistan is a big question. Apparently, the only answer is that the army will want it.